Non-Combustible Wood – Real Fire Safety2020-10-16T13:58:45+02:00

DOES NON-COMBUSTIBLE WOOD EXISTS?

No, because wood is an organic and flammable material. So, how do we achieve a non-combustible wooden panel with fire classification A2-s1,d0? Compared to the A1 classification, the non-combustible classification A2-s1,d0 allows a content of a very low and restricted calorific value, measured in MJ/kg or MJ/m². A non-combustible fibre gypsum core plus a thin surface layer, for example a real wood veneer, can still can achieve classification A2-s1,d0.

HOW TO ASSURE A CLADDING FULFILLS A FIRE CLASS?

To meet the official fire regulations, the following 4 issues must be taken in regard:

1. A valid fire classification must include the decorative surface layer.

Cladding product in wood with fire resistant coating

Gustafs products are always tested and classified as they are used in real life, including the decorative surface, like a wooden veneer, an HPL or CPL laminate.

Some other suppliers claim to sell a fire rated board to which a surface material can be added. But the added surface material will drop the fire rating of the whole product to a “non-accepted” level.

2. A valid fire classification must include the surface finish/treatment.

Cladding product in wood with fire resistant veneer

Gustafs products are always tested and classified as the are used in real life, including the final surface treatment like a lacquer, paint, oil or stain.

Some other suppliers claim to sell a fire rated board to which a surface finish can be added. But the added surface treatment will drop the fire rating of the whole product to a “non-accepted” level.

3. A valid fire classification must include the installation construction.

Fire resistant wood cladding including installation system

Gustafs products are always tested and classified as the are used in real life, including the installation with information about the fixing system, the air void, open or closed joints, etc.

Some other suppliers will sell solutions with fire classifications related to the raw material board only, a board that has not been tested as finally installed and by that not confirm the practiced installation.

4. A valid fire classification must including factory post treatments

Perforated wooden panels from gustafs are tested for fire classification

First of all: on-site post-treatments can not be classified at all. Gustafs products are always tested and classified as they are used in real life, including for example the acoustic perforations or when we cut core materials into Linear solutions.

Once again, it is always the final Gustafs solution that has been classified. Some other suppliers will sell solutions with fire classifications for the raw material board, without the acoustic perforations included in the actual test, or having tested the material sawn into Linear timber.

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RESISTANCE TO FIRE GUSTAFS PRODUCTS

CLASSIFICATIONS RESISTANCE TO FIRE

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CLASSIFICATIONS REACTION TO FIRE

WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT FIRE RETARDANT COATINGS

The discussion how fire protection should be achieved, whether the combustible product must be impregnated or treated with a fire-retardant coating, has never occurred in Gustafs’ world. The natural fire classification A2-s1,d0 is valid all the way through the non-combustible composition in our products. We leave no room for interpretations that can end in an undesirable result.

Before using products improved with FR Impregnations or FR Lacquers, instead of products who get their fire-retardant performance from a non-combustible composition, please take the following 4 issues in regard.

1. Fire retardant impregnations might not reach the inner core of the material

Fire retardant impregnation

To improve the Reaction to Fire of a board by an impregnation with a fire retardant is one thing, but to impregnate 100% of the core material is difficult, especially when it comes to dense wood species or plywood. Regarding plywood, the glue in-between the cross layered veneers is a 100% barrier for the impregnation fluid. There is only a limited number of producers who  can supply a proper FR impregnation of dense wood species and/or Plywood materials, as these production methods require special skills.

When the FR impregnation is not done correctly, acoustic panels with thousands of holes per square meter or Linear Ribs produced from FR impregnated boards can expose non FR impregnated material, and by that material not improved to the required reaction to fire classification. Please note that MDF cannot be vacuum impregnated.

2. Fire retardant lacquers protect the outer layer of the material only

Fire lacquer for impregnated wood

Fire retardant lacquers only protect the surface and not the core of a panel or a rib. For acoustic panels, the FR lacquer should be added after perforating thousands of holes per m², but still the lacquer will never properly cover the inside if the acoustic holes, resulting in a finally non-approved solution. Additional lacquering with FR lacquers on the building site, for example after cutting operations, can not be validated and not be included in a Declaration of Performance. When acoustic panels are installed with a void, also the backside of the panels must be FR lacquered.

Fire retardant lacquers need to be applied in relatively thick layers to achieve the approved protection and in combination with the fact that FR lacquers must contain salts, they can not be 100% clear, resulting in a aesthetically non attractive product.

3. Fire retardant salts are hygroscopic

Fire retardant salts are hygroscopic

The chemical salts in FR impregnations and FR lacquers are hygroscopic and can lose their fire retardant performance in environments with a high relative humidity. Do you dare to use an eventually non-lasting fire protection?

Due to the hygroscopic properties of FR Chemicals (among them ammoniac and diammonium phosphate), they can cause negative effects on our environment when leaking out. These effects are similar to overfertilization. It has also been found out that flame retardants could migrate out of the products and into people, a process for which the increased risk for cancer is still discussed by science.

4. Control System 1 vs Control System 3

DoP Control System 1 vs Control System 3

The fact that the DoP for products impregnated or lacquered with fire retardants require a more strict production control under system 1, indicates that this type of production is less reliable when it comes to it’s protecting performance compared to products with a non-combustible core for which “only” a less strict production control under system 3 is required.

A FIRE CLASSIFICATION INCLUDING THE INSTALLATION CONSTRUCTION

The reaction to fire of Gustafs solutions comes from their composition with a non-combustible core material and the final classification includes the surface layer, the surface finish and the installation construction. No added chemicals.

Contineous perforated pattern on acoustic wooden panel
Installations details for Gustafs timber panels

HOW WOULD YOU START A BONFIRE?

Simply to chop wood in to smaller pieces – chopped wood burns better! Therefore, it is an incredible challenge to create a slatted timber system that achieve  the reaction to fire class B-s1,d0.

By using a non-combustible core material Gustafs has succeeded to create a linear system that achieves a real and reliable B-s1,d0 class, including the veneer, the surface finish, the installation construction and a description of the rib and spacing dimensions. GLS can be installed with an acoustic air void or filled with a mineral absorber.

LEARN MORE ABOUT THE TOPIC

Gustafs' Fire Academy
FIRE ACADEMY
Gustafs fire to reaction
REACTION TO FIRE
Gustafs' resistance to fire
RESISTANCE TO FIRE
gustafs' declaraction of performance DoP
DECLARATION OF PERFORMANCE

DOWNLOADS

RESISTANCE TO FIRE GUSTAFS PRODUCTS

CLASSIFICATIONS RESISTANCE TO FIRE

REACTION TO FIRE GUSTAFS PRODUCTS

CLASSIFICATIONS REACTION TO FIRE